New Book Titles in Criminology, Law & Society @ Mason Libraries

The criminology, law and society collection at Mason Libraries is rich in depth and breadth. Here are just some of the new titles that have been added recently to Fenwick Library.

Ashton, J. (2013). Scotland’s shame: why Lockerbie still matters. Edinburgh: Birlinn.

Call Number: HV6431 .A834 2013

Brain, T. (2013). A future for policing in England and Wales. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Call Number: HV8196.A3 B73 2013

Herring, J. (2013). Intoxication and society: problematic pleasures of drugs and alcohol. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Call Number: HV5446 .I58 2013

Jenkins, B. M., & Liepman, A. (2014). Identifying enemies among us: evolving terrorist threats and the continuing challenges of domestic intelligence collection and information sharing. Santa Monica: Rand Corporation.

Call Number: HV6432 .J43 2014

Johnson, E. A. (2013). Murder and violence in modern Latin America. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.

Call Number: HV6810.5 .M87 2013

Kimura, T. (2013). Stratification in cultural contexts: cases from east and southeast Asia. Melbourne, Vic., Australia: Trans Pacific Press

Call Number: HM821 .S77 2013

Kingsberg, M. (2013). Moral nation: modern Japan and narcotics in global history. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Call Number: HV5840.J3 K56 2014

Kuntz, C., & Salerno, R. (2013). A biological threat prevention strategy: complicating adversary acquisition and misuse of biological agents. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies.

Call Number: HV6433.35 .B57 2013

McNeill, F. (2013). Offender supervision in Europe (1. publ. ed.). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Call Number: HV9276.5 .O44 2013

Papademetriou, D. G. (2013). Managing borders in an increasingly borderless world. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute;.

Call Number: HV6181 .M36 2013

Petrie, B. M. (2013). French Canadian rebels as Australian convicts: the experiences of the fifty-eight lower Canadians transported to Australia in 1839. North Melbourne: Australian Scholarly.

Quick, D., & Martini, B. (2014). Cloud storage forensics. Waltham, Mass.: Syngess.

Call Number: HV8079.C65 Q53 2014

Ruprecht, L. A. (2013). Policing the state. : Cascade Books.

Call Number: HV8138 .R87 2013

New Criminology Titles @ Mason Libraries

Below is a select list of book titles in Criminology, Law & Society added to Mason Libraries in February 2014. All books are shelved at Fenwick Library.

Carter, J. G. (2013). Intelligence-led policing: a policing innovation. El Paso:  LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC.

Call Number: HV8139 .C37 2013

Derrida, J. (2014). Death Penalty. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 Call Number: HV8698 .D4713 2014

Frois, C. (2013). Peripheral vision: politics, technology, and surveillance. New York: Berghahn.

Call Number: HV7936.T4 F76 2013

Gundy, A. (2013). Women, incarceration, and human rights violations: feminist criminology and corrections. Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate.

 Call Number: HV8738 .V378 2013

Jakobi, A. P. (2013). The transnational governance of violence and crime: non-state actors in security. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

 Call Number: HV7431 .T73 2013

Kirschman, E., & Kamena, M. (2014). Counseling cops: what clinicians need to know. New York: The Guilford Press.

Call Number: HV7936.P75 K57 2014

Prenzler, T. (2013). Ethics and accountability in criminal justice: towards a universal standard. Toowong QLD: Australian Academic Press.

Call Number: HV7419 .P744 2013

Raphael, S., & Stoll, M. A. (2013). Why are so many Americans in prison?. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

 Call Number: HV9471 .R37 2013

Wakefield, S. (2013). Children of the prison boom: mass incarceration and the future of American inequality. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

 Call Number: HV8886.U5 W35 2014

 

New Criminology Titles @ Mason Libraries

Here is a list of selected criminology books recently added to Mason Libraries’ collection:

Armitage, R. (2013). Crime prevention through housing design: policy and practice

Available at Fenwick Library: HV7431 .A725 2013

Cook, P. (2013). Lessons from the economics of crime what reduces offending?

Available at Fenwick Library:  HV6171 .L47 2013

Cropley, D. H., & Cropley, A. J. (2013). Creativity and crime: a psychological analysis

Available at Fenwick Library: HV6025 .C855 2013

Guia, M. J. (2013). Social control and justice crimmigration in the age of fear

Available at Fenwick Library: HV6181 .S63 2013

Larsen, C. A. (2013). The rise and fall of social cohesion: the construction and deconstruction of social trust in the US, UK, Sweden and Denmark.

Available at Fenwick Library:

Welsh, B. (2013). Experimental criminology: prospects for advancing science and public policy

Available at Fenwick Library:  HM821 .L37 2013

 

Second Chance Act Grantees Report Successes

The November 2013 issue of Reentry Matters from the Justice Center offers a reporting of outcomes from agencies across the United States that received funding by the 2008 Second Chance Act. The Second Chance Act offers financial support to agencies working with prisoners for successful reintegration to their communities.

Successful reintegration hinges on gainful employment, yet formerly incarcerated individuals face enormous challenges finding jobs. Lack of employment greatly increases the risk of recidivism. Former New York City Police Commissioner, Bernard Kerick, spent three years in prison for charges that included tax evasion.  On an interview on the Today Show, he discusses how he spent those three years talking with his fellow inmates and finally coming to the conclusion that the very system he had worked to put in place only encourages recidivism from formerly incarcerated individuals by prohibiting them from finding gainful employment.

At George Mason University, Criminology, Law and Society undergraduates in Danielle Rudes’ Honors Seminar are doing cutting edge research on prisoner reentry. This group of nine talented students have been provided with unprecedented access to Fairfax County jails in which they will be interviewing and observing inmates and jail staff in order to provide improvement suggestions to current processes and practices. Their research will conclude at the end of the Spring 2014 semester.

 

Data Management Bootcamp for Graduate Students

Registration now available for the Data Management Bootcamp.

Graduate students interested in learning more about data management issues and best practices are invited to participate in a Data Management Bootcamp sponsored by five Virginia institutions, January 8-10, 2014. This collaborative event will feature experts from across the state and will provide an opportunity for local, hands-on practical experience on the third day.

Data management is an important topic for researchers and scholars across domains, especially as funding agencies increasingly require submission of data management plans with grant proposals.

Essentially, data management plans are documents that describe the data and metadata that will be gathered in a study, and the processes for preserving and sharing that information.

These new requirements encourage researchers to plan ahead for data management and sharing and help to promote practices that facilitate reproducible research, data use and reuse, and interoperability among distributed systems.

Topics will include:

  • Understanding Research Data
  • Organizing Data
  • File Formats and Transformation
  • Documentation and Metadata
  • Storage and Security
  • Data Protection Rights and Access
  • Preservation, Sharing and Licensing

Free to attend and offered to students in any discipline or academic program, the Bootcamp is offered via the 4VA telepresence system, across five sites: University of Virginia, Virginia Tech, James Madison University, George Mason University, and Old Dominion University.  Light refreshments will be provided.

The Data Management Bootcamp is sponsored by George Mason University Libraries, Data Services, and the Associate Provost for Graduate Education in collaboration with University of Virginia, Virginia Tech, James Madison University, and Old Dominion University.

For more information, contact Wendy Mann, Head, Data Services at wmann@gmu.edu

Register now.  Space is limited to 25 participants.

Bootcamp will run from 9am-5pm on Jan. 8 & 9 and from 9am-noon on Jan. 10.

Write to Wendy Mann at wmann@gmu.edu

Council of State Government Justice Center Resources

CSG Justice Center has developed a free online self-paced course, Introduction to Behavioral Health. This course “provides a basic overview of behavioral health systems so that criminal justice and mental health professionals can share an understanding of the needs of their common clientele and ensure that treatment and court supervision are coordinated.” Learning objectives include understanding mental health terminology, mental illness treatment principles and the components of mental health and substance abuse systems. The course contains 8 learning modules, each with about 35-30 slides and would be valuable to judges, mental health professionals, probation officers and more.


 

 

BrowZine-Journal Content for Mobile Devices

BrowZineLogo-FINAL COLOR

George Mason University Libraries is sponsoring BrowZine, a new tablet application that allows you to browse, read and monitor many of the library’s scholarly journals. All in a format optimized for your iPad or Android tablet! Built to accompany your searching needs, items found in BrowZine can easily be synced up with Zotero, Dropbox or several other services to help keep all of your information together in one place.

To learn more, please take a look at this short two minute video: http://thirdiron.com/browzine-ipad-app/video/

To get started, search for “BrowZine” in the app stores (Apple, Google, Amazon) and download BrowZine to your device for free. When initially launching BrowZine, select our school from the drop down list. Then, enter your campus credentials, these will be the same ones you use for off-campus access to library resources.

We hope you enjoy using BrowZine!

“Stop, Think, and Reassess Your Assumptions” : How Meta-cognition Arms Youth!

youth

Thinking about your thinking is at the heart of an intervention recently employed by researchers at The University of Chicago Center for Youth Violence Prevention.  Sara B. Heller, Harold A. Pollack, Roseanna Ander, and Jens Ludwig of the University of Chicago Crime Lab  conducted a randomized study in an effort to combat the damage and prevalence of youth violence and dropout.  Preventing Youth Violence and Dropout: A Randomized Field Experiment outlines the ubiquitous violence among the urban youth population and how metacognition can serve as a powerful mitigating force.

Nationally, the high school graduation rate within urban school districts averages a paltry 53%. The residuals of this deficit include a high percentage of African American dropouts (70%) who, according to the authors, will be incarcerated by their mid-30’s. The influence of the socioemotional environment on human development is well researched and documented.  Perspective surrounding the epidemic of youth violence and dropout rates suppose that previous interventions have lacked the intensiveness and broad-reaching scope to adequately combat the enormity of negative social forces. In many urban settings, socioeconomic status, social policies, incarcerated caregivers, and high rates of violence present themselves as insurmountable challenges. With this large-scale problem,  it’s assumed that only interventions equal in complexity can transport this conflict to resolution.  Additionally, educators and developmental psychologists alike continue to offer research supporting early interventions and their positive influence on future outcomes. This promotes the thought that children are perhaps more malleable when they are younger and that influence is more challenging as they develop.  These prevalent suppositions further complicate the selection of interventions for urban youth. As a result, the zeitgeist is: children further in age and development have been habituated to violence so profoundly, that most interventions are facing a losing battle. With the glass being perceived as half full, many efforts with urban youth become overly elaborate, deficit-based, and have historically lacked quantitative/qualitative evidence.

Pollack and his colleagues studied all of the youth homicides in Chicago over the course of a year using what he called a “social  autopsy.” This study revealed a surprising commonality among offenders. In approximately 80% of the homicides committed, there wasn’t premeditation, calculation, or a “score to settle.”  In fact, the study revealed that violence and homicide usually occur in the immediacy of a moment, where the ability to consider response and consequence are paramount. The ability to stop, think, and reassess assumptions about a person, evaluate a biased belief, and to suspend an automatic response are valuable skills that can have lifelong implications. The researchers describe that the majority of youthful offenders would have entirely different lives if they could only redo occurrences and reactions,which are measured in mere minutes, and often lead to more victimization, sustained punishment, and stigmatization.

This new study reveals the importance of meta-cognition, or thinking about thinking. In response to decision making and assumptions, the researchers employed an intervention with a bedrock in meta-cognition called Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). A major tenet of CBT is that everyone possesses unconscious patterns in their thinking that can be revised or modified by bringing conscious thought into focus and conducting a reassessment. With the employment of CBT, the study revealed positive, measurable outcomes.  Arrest rates were reduced by 44% the first year for youth involved in the intervention. With data outlining the need for youth to address their assumptions and think before they act, CBT could be an intervention bellwether for individuals, families, communities and the United States criminal justice system.

Written by Doug Hernandez, MEd

Department of Justice Gets 3% Fund Reduction for FY2014

On July 12, 2013 the Department of Justice Programs’ fund was reduced by 3% today from the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Commerce-Justice-Science. DOJ will receive $26.3 billion, which will fund a school safety initiative, the Justice Reinvestment Initiative, the Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program, and the Second Chance Act.This bill will need to be passed by the House and Senate Appropriations Committees, as well as the full House and Senate.

To keep up to date about this bill and other developments on Capitol Hill, visit Justice Center’s Updates from Capitol Hill. The legislative history behind this bill can be found in Congressional Research Service Reports, available at the George Mason University Libraries Database Portal.

 

What Works In Reentry Clearinghouse

The What Works in Reentry Clearinghouse, a resource funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance and administered by the National Reentry Resource Center, has recently expanded its research areas to include Substance Abuse, Family programs, and Education (available in mid-July).

The updates are a result of a partnership with the Urban Institute and the CSG Justice Center. Highlights of the research are friends and family-friendly visitation policies promote the reduction of recidivism and therapeutic communities work best when they are gender-responsive.

To read more about the new research areas of the Clearinghouse or to sign up for a webinar to learn about the new research areas, visit  What Works in Reentry Clearinghouse.